MAN Solaris - VDIR (1)



vdir - list directory contents




vdir [OPTION]... [FILE]...




List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default). Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
-a, --all do not ignore entries starting with .
-A, --almost-all
  do not list implied . and ..
  with -l, print the author of each file
-b, --escape
  print octal escapes for nongraphic characters
  use SIZE-byte blocks
-B, --ignore-backups
  do not list implied entries ending with ~
-c with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last modification of file status information) with -l: show ctime and sort by name otherwise: sort by ctime
-C list entries by columns
  control whether color is used to distinguish file types. WHEN may be ‘never’, ‘always’, or ‘auto’
-d, --directory
  list directory entries instead of contents, and do not dereference symbolic links
-D, --dired
  generate output designed for Emacs’ dired mode
-f do not sort, enable -aU, disable -ls --color
-F, --classify
  append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries
  likewise, except do not append ‘*’
  across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l, single-column -1, verbose -l, vertical -C
  like -l --time-style=full-iso
-g like -l, but do not list owner
  group directories before files
-G, --no-group
  in a long listing, don’t print group names
-h, --human-readable
  with -l, print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)
--si likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024
-H, --dereference-command-line
  follow symbolic links listed on the command line
  follow each command line symbolic link that points to a directory
  do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN (overridden by -a or -A)
--indicator-style=WORD append indicator with style WORD to entry names:
  none (default), slash (-p), file-type (--file-type), classify (-F)
-i, --inode
  print the index number of each file
-I, --ignore=PATTERN
  do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN
-k like --block-size=1K
-l use a long listing format
-L, --dereference
  when showing file information for a symbolic link, show information for the file the link references rather than for the link itself
-m fill width with a comma separated list of entries
-n, --numeric-uid-gid
  like -l, but list numeric user and group IDs
-N, --literal
  print raw entry names (don’t treat e.g. control characters specially)
-o like -l, but do not list group information
-p, --indicator-style=slash
  append / indicator to directories
-q, --hide-control-chars
  print ? instead of non graphic characters
  show non graphic characters as-is (default unless program is ‘ls’ and output is a terminal)
-Q, --quote-name
  enclose entry names in double quotes
  use quoting style WORD for entry names: literal, locale, shell, shell-always, c, escape
-r, --reverse
  reverse order while sorting
-R, --recursive
  list subdirectories recursively
-s, --size print the size of each file, in blocks
-S sort by file size
  sort by WORD instead of name: none -U, extension -X, size -S, time -t, version -v
  with -l, show time as WORD instead of modification time: atime -u, access -u, use -u, ctime -c, or status -c; use specified time as sort key if --sort=time
  with -l, show times using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale, +FORMAT. FORMAT is interpreted like ‘date’; if FORMAT is FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2, FORMAT1 applies to non-recent files and FORMAT2 to recent files; if STYLE is prefixed with ‘posix-’, STYLE takes effect only outside the POSIX locale
-t sort by modification time
-T, --tabsize=COLS
  assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8
-u with -lt: sort by, and show, access time with -l: show access time and sort by name otherwise: sort by access time
-U do not sort; list entries in directory order
-v sort by version
-w, --width=COLS
  assume screen width instead of current value
-x list entries by lines instead of by columns
-X sort alphabetically by entry extension
-1 list one file per line
--help display this help and exit
  output version information and exit
SIZE may be (or may be an integer optionally followed by) one of following: kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y.

By default, color is not used to distinguish types of files. That is equivalent to using --color=none. Using the --color option without the optional WHEN argument is equivalent to using --color=always. With --color=auto, color codes are output only if standard output is connected to a terminal (tty). The environment variable LS_COLORS can influence the colors, and can be set easily by the dircolors command.

Exit status is 0 if OK, 1 if minor problems, 2 if serious trouble.


Written by Richard Stallman and David MacKenzie.


Report bugs to <[email protected]>.


Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


The full documentation for vdir is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and vdir programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info vdir
should give you access to the complete manual.


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

Interface StabilityUncommitted


Source for GNU coreutils is available on
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vdir 6.7 VDIR (1) December 2006
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