MAN Solaris - format.dat (4)

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NAME

format.dat - disk drive configuration for the format command

CONTENTS

Description
Examples
Files
See Also

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DESCRIPTION

format.dat enables you to use your specific disk drives with format(1M). On Solaris 2.3 and compatible systems, format will automatically configure and label SCSI drives, so that they need not be defined in format.dat. Three things can be defined in the data file:

format.dat enables you to use your specific disk drives with format(1M). On Solaris 2.3 and compatible systems, format will -->
o search paths
o disk types
o partition tables.

    Syntax

The following syntax rules apply to the data file:

o The pound # sign is the comment character. Any text on a line after a pound sign is not interpreted by format.
o Each definition in the format.dat file appears on a single logical line. If the definition is more than one line long, all but the last line of the definition must end with a backslash (\).
o A definition consists of a series of assignments that have an identifier on the left side and one or more values on the right side. The assignment operator is the equal sign (=). Assignments within a definition must be separated by a colon (:).
o White space is ignored by format(1M). If you want an assigned value to contain white space, enclose the entire value in double quotes ("). This will cause the white space within quotes to be preserved as part of the assignment value.
o Some assignments can have multiple values on the right hand side. Separate values by a comma (,).

    Keywords

The data file contains disk definitions that are read in by format(1M) when it starts up. Each definition starts with one of the following keywords: search_path, disk_type, and partition.

search_path

4.x: Tells format which disks it should search for when it starts up. The list in the default data file contains all the disks in the GENERIC configuration file. If your system has disks that are not in the GENERIC configuration file, add them to the search_path definition in your data file. The data file can contain only one search_path definition. However, this single definition lets you specify all the disks you have in your system.

5.x: By default, format(1M) understands all the logical devices that are of the form /dev/rdsk/cntndnsn; hence search_path is not normally defined on a 5.x system.

disk_type

Defines the controller and disk model. Each disk_type definition contains information concerning the physical geometry of the disk. The default data file contains definitions for the controllers and disks that the Solaris operating environment supports. You need to add a new disk_type only if you have an unsupported disk. You can add as many disk_type definitions to the data file as you want.

The following controller types are supported by format(1M):

XY450

Xylogics 450 controller (SMD)

XD7053

Xylogics 7053 controller (SMD)

SCSI

True SCSI (CCS or SCSI-2)

ISP-80

IPI panther controller

The keyword itself is assigned the name of the disk type. This name appears in the disk’s label and is used to identify the disk type whenever format(1M) is run. Enclose the name in double quotes to preserve any white space in the name.

Below are lists of identifiers for supported controllers. Note that an asterisk (’*’) indicates the identifier is mandatory for that controller -- it is not part of the keyword name.

The following identifiers are assigned values in all disk_type definitions:

acyl*

alternate cylinders

asect

alternate sectors per track

atrks

alternate tracks

fmt_time

formatting time per cylinder

ncyl*

number of logical cylinders

nhead*

number of logical heads

nsect*

number of logical sectors per track

pcyl*

number of physical cylinders

phead

number of physical heads

psect

number of physical sectors per track

rpm*

drive RPM

These identifiers are for SCSI and MD-21 Controllers

read_retries

page 1 byte 3 (read retries)

write_retries

page 1 byte 8 (write retries)

cyl_skew

page 3 bytes 18-19 (cylinder skew)

trk_skew

page 3 bytes 16-17 (track skew)

trks_zone

page 3 bytes 2-3 (tracks per zone)

cache

page 38 byte 2 (cache parameter)

prefetch

page 38 byte 3 (prefetch parameter)

max_prefetch

page 38 byte 4 (minimum prefetch)

min_prefetch

page 38 byte 6 (maximum prefetch)

Note: The Page 38 values are device-specific. Refer the user to the particular disk’s manual for these values.

For SCSI disks, the following geometry specifiers may cause a mode select on the byte(s) indicated:

asect

page 3 bytes 4-5 (alternate sectors per zone)

atrks

page 3 bytes 8-9 (alt. tracks per logical unit)

phead

page 4 byte 5 (number of heads)

psect

page 3 bytes 10-11 (sectors per track)

And these identifiers are for SMD Controllers Only

bps*

bytes per sector (SMD)

bpt*

bytes per track (SMD)

Note: under SunOS 5.x, bpt is only required for SMD disks. Under SunOS 4.x, bpt was required for all disk types, even though it was only used for SMD disks.

And this identifier is for XY450 SMD Controllers Only

drive_type*

drive type (SMD) (just call this "xy450 drive type")

partition

Defines a partition table for a specific disk type. The partition table contains the partitioning information, plus a name that lets you refer to it in format(1M). The default data file contains default partition definitions for several kinds of disk drives. Add a partition definition if you repartitioned any of the disks on your system. Add as many partition definitions to the data file as you need.

Partition naming conventions differ in SunOS 4.x and in SunOS 5.x.

4.x: the partitions are named as a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h.

5.x: the partitions are referred to by numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.

EXAMPLES

Example 1 A sample disk_type and partition.

Following is a sample disk_type and partition definition in format.dat file for SUN0535 disk device.

disk_type = "SUN0535" \
        : ctlr = SCSI : fmt_time = 4 \
        : ncyl = 1866 : acyl = 2 : pcyl = 2500 : nhead = 7 : nsect = 80 \
        : rpm = 5400
partition = "SUN0535" \
        : disk = "SUN0535" : ctlr = SCSI \
     : 0 = 0, 64400 : 1 = 115, 103600 : 2 = 0, 1044960 : 6 = 300, 876960

FILES

/etc/format.dat

default data file if format -x is not specified, nor is there a format.dat file in the current directory.

SEE ALSO

format(1M)

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SunOS 5.11 format.dat (4) 19 Apr 2001
Generated by Open Solaris Forum from /usr/share/man/man4/format.dat.4 using man macros.